Example 4: Netwon invented Calculus. Leibniz, mad with envy, pretended that he also invented calculus at the same time. Newton is player 1. Lebniz is player 2.

The Shapley value of player 1 is: 100

The Shapley value of player 2 is: 0

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See also: "Effective Altruism" for this concept applied to altruism