Example 9: A small Indian state with 10 million inhabitants spends $60 million to vaccinate 30% of their population. An NGO which would otherwise be doing something really ineffective, comes in, and by sending reminders, increases the vaccination rate to 35%. They do this very cheaply, for $100,000. The government is player 1, the indian state is player 2. Exercise: What if, instead, the NGO would have done something equally valuable?
The Shapley value of player 1 is: 3250000The Shapley value of player 2 is: 250000List of examplesRandom example
See also: "Effective Altruism" for this concept applied to altruism